Objectives: Among persons with MS we aimed to describe the association between comorbidities and treatment for CCSVI.
Methods: The Alberta Multiple Sclerosis Initiative (TAMSI) began in July 2011 as a longitudinal observational study to capture patient-reported information about safety and outcomes after CCSVI treatment. All Albertans with MS were encouraged to participate, irrespective of treatment status; enrollment is ongoing.
Results: We included 683 participants in the analysis, of whom 77.7% were women, and 64.2% had relapsing remitting MS. Their mean (SD) age was 47.9 (11.2) years. Of these, 138 participants (20.2%; 95%CI: 17.3-23.4%) reported having CCSVI treatment. 233 participants reported no (34.1%) comorbidities, while 196 (28.7%) reported one, 133 (19.5%) reported two, 65 (9.5%) reported three, and 56 (8.2%) reported four or more. The most commonly reported comorbidities were depression (189, 27.7%), hyperlipidemia (108, 15.8%), hypertension (107, 15.7%), migraine (103, 15.1%), chronic lung disease (63, 9.2%), and irritable bowel syndrome (56, 8.2%). Individuals reporting any comorbidity were less likely (OR 0.68 95% CI: 0.46-0.99) to report undergoing venous angioplasty (18.0%; 95%CI: 14.6-21.9%) than those reporting no comorbidity (24.5%; 95%CI: 19.1-30.5). Further, the likelihood of reporting undergoing venous angioplasty decreased with increasing number of comorbidities (OR 0.85; 95%CI: 0.72-0.99). The odds of venous angioplasty did not differ for participants reporting any particular comorbidity (p>0.05). Older age, male sex, a progressive course, and greater disability were associated with greater frequency of venous angioplasty (all p<0.05). After adjustment for these factors in logistic regression, the association between venous angioplasty and any comorbidity (OR 0.69; 95%CI: 0.45-1.05) or number of comorbidities (OR 0.84; 95%CI: 0.71-1.01) was unchanged.
Conclusions: Comorbidity is common among persons with MS participating in the TAMSI study, similar to other MS populations. Comorbidity was associated with a decreased frequency of venous angioplasty for CCSVI.