Subjective and Objective Impairment Metrics as Unique Correlates of Employment Status in Multiple Sclerosis
Objectives: Determine peripheral measures associated with employment status in MS.
Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had undergone neuropsychological testing (N = 61) at a medical center’s outpatient MS clinic. Partial Spearman rank-order correlations, controlled for the effects of age, race, and gender, assessed the relationships between employment status and objective and subjective neuropsychological tests and inventories.
Results: Employment status was significantly associated with a subjective inventory of neuropsychological impairment (ρ = −.414, p = .006) and objective neurocognitive tests of visual memory (ρ = .299, p = .017), attention and processing speed (ρ = .387, p = .003), and verbal fluency (ρ = .274, p = .030; ρ = .347, p = .009).
Conclusions: Domains of cognitive functioning, rated both subjectively and objectively, are strongly related to MS patients’ employment status.