Development and Validation of the MS Resiliency Scale
Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate the MS Resiliency Scale (MSRS), a 75-item questionnaire with five proposed subscales that incorporate the different aspects involved in resiliency: 1) Hopefulness and Optimism, 2) Physical Well-Being, 3) Cognitive Processes, 4) Emotional Management, and 5) Support System.
Methods: Participants (N = 1038) were individuals with MS who were recruited through the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) who completed the survey online; 106 participants were removed from the analyses due to missing data. The Resiliency Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used to establish convergent and divergent validity. Principal component analysis was run to determine the subscales.
Results: Using a promax rotation with Kaiser normalization, and suppressing items with coefficients below 0.3, five subscales emerged that accounted for 42.75% of the variance. Each subscale had high reliability (internal consistency): Emotional and Cognitive Strategies (14 items; α = .947), Physical Well-Being (3 items; α = .765), Information Seeking (2 items; α = .730), Social Support (5 items; α = .813), and Spirituality (2 items; α = .859). Four of the subscales were weakly to moderately and significantly correlated with each other (r range: .106-.413). The exception was the Spirituality and Physical Well-Being subscales, which was nearly significant (r = .061, p = .068). The total score was positively correlated with the Resiliency Scale (r = .637, p < .0005), and negatively correlated with HADS Depression (r = -.724, p < .0005) and Anxiety (r = -.561, p < .0005).
Conclusions: The 26-item MSRS provides clinicians with valuable information on patients’ adjustment to their MS.